Glossary
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Glossary

PAH

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Belongs to a group of substances many of which have harmful properties.

PAN

Pesticide Action Network.

Parallel import

Means that an importer in parallel with a manufacturer/owner/retailer imports a protected product, for example a product of a particular brand, and sell it on his own market without having received a permit from the retailer. An important condition is that the article must have been placed on the market by the holder of the rights or with his consent.

PBDEa

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers.

PBT

Chemicals that are persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic.

PCB

Polychlorinated biphenyl.

PDE

Bromodiphenylether

Pentachlorophenol (PCP)

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) has been used for surface treatment (dipping) and impregnation of wood to protect it against rot and growth of staining blue fungi.

The substance was banned as an active substance in wood preservatives in the late 1970s due to serious health and environmental properties.

Per year

Per calendar year, unless otherwise stated. (REACH)

Periodic system

The periodic table of the elements or periodic table of the chemical elements is a tabular display organizing the 118 known chemical elements by selected properties of their atomic structure.

Permit to a commercial agent

Permit to a commercial agent who is allowed to fulfil the report obligation to the chemical products register instead of the person or company responsible for importing.

Persistent

A substance that is not readily degradable.

Pesticide

Chemical products and biotechnical organisms with authorisation requirements, products for which particular regulations apply. A pesticide may either be a biocidal product or a plant protection product.

In the Swedish Environmental Code, pesticides are defined as chemical or biological products intended to prevent or counteract that animals, plants or micro organisms cause damage or harm to the health of human beings or damage to property.

PET

Polyethyleneterephthalate

PFAS

Perfluoro alkyl sulphonate, a group of persistent chemical substances.

PFBS

Perfluorobutylsulphonate, persistent chemical substances belonging to the group PFAS.

PFOA

Perfluoro octane acid.

PFOS

Perfluoro octane sulphonate, persistent chemical substance belonging to the group PFAS.

Pharmacopoeia

A book containing directions for the identification of samples and the preparation of compound medicines, published by the authority of a government or a medical or pharmaceutical society.

Phase-in substance/

Means a substance which meets at least one of the following criteria:
(a) it is listed in the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)
(b) it was manufactured in the Community, or in the countries acceding to the European Union on 1 January 1995 or on 1 May 2004, but not placed on the market by the manufacturer or importer, at least once in the 15 years before the entry into force of this Regulation, provided the manufacturer or importer has documentary evidence of this
(c) it was placed on the market in the Community, or in the countries acceding to the European Union on 1 January 1995 or on 1 May 2004, before entry into force of REACH Regulation by the manufacturer or importer and was considered as having been notified in accordance with the first indent of Article 8(1) of Directive 67/548/EEC but does not meet the definition of a polymer as set out in REACH Regulation, provided the manufacturer or importer has documentary evidence of this. (REACH)

Phosphate

Phthalate

Ester of phthalic acid, often used as a softener in plastic.

PIC

Prior Informed Consent. The Rotterdam Convention from 1998 means that export of hazardous pesticides and chemicals is not allowed unless the receiving country accepts such import.

Place

A place where the infrastructure and certain resources are shared, if there are more than one manufacturer of a substance. (REACH).

Place on the market

Supply or make a product available to someone else.

Plant protection product (PPP)

Plant protection products are pesticides that are used for the protection of plants and crops in agriculture, horticulture, forestry and gardening.

Polymer

A substance consisting of molecules characterised by the sequence of one or more types of monomer units. Such molecules must be distributed over a range of molecular weights wherein differences in the molecular weight are primarily attributable to differences in the number of monomer units.(REACH)

POP

Persistent Organic Pollutant.

POPs Convention

Also called the Stockholm Convention, signed in 2001 to protect against persistent environmental pollutants.

Population

A number of individuals of a species within a certain area.

Potential harmful substance

Substance that is not an active substance but having a negative effect on human beings, animals or the environment.

PP

Polypropene

PPORD

Product and process orientated research and development means any scientific development related to product development or the further development of a substance, on its own, in preparations or in articles in the course of which pilot plant or production trials are used to develop the production process and/or to test the fields of application of the substance. (REACH)

PPP Directive

The Plant Protection Directive 91/414/EEC.

PPP principle

The polluter pays principle. Since the 1970s the official wording for this principle, adopted by the OECD and meaning that the environmental costs of for example driving cars are paid by the drivers through road fees and taxes on carbon dioxide.

Precautionary principle

The precautionary principle or precautionary approach states that if an action or policy has a suspected risk of causing harm to the public or to the environment, in the absence of scientific consensus that the action or policy is harmful, the burden of proof that it is not harmful falls on those taking the action.

Precursor

Denomination of a substance which in a process with other components give rise to harmful substances.

Preparation

Mixture or solution composed of two or more substances (REACH).

Preparation

Intended mixture or solution consisting of two or several chemicals (chemical substances).

Preparation

Deliberate preparation/mixture or solvent consisting of two or several chemicals (chemical substances).

Principle of substitution, product choice principle

Section 6 of Chapter 2 in the Environmental Code defines the product choice principle. The principle is also called the substitution principle and means an obligation not to use or sell harmful chemical products (chemical substances or mixtures) if there are less harmful and equivalent alternatives available for the intended purpose.

PRIO

Short for the tool for risk reduction of chemicals on the web.

Producer

1. a professional manufacturer, importer or vendor of a product or packaging; or

2. a person whose professional activities generate waste which requires special measures with respect to waste disposal or the environment

(Chapt. 15, Section 4, the Environmental Code).

Product report

Products register

Proposal referred for consideration

PVC

Polyvinylchloride