Glossary
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Glossary

CA

Competent Authority

Candidate list

ECHA Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern

CAP

Common Agricultural Policy (EU).

CARACAL

Competent Authorities for REACH and CLP.

Carcinogen

Cardiff process

Started in 1997 to integrate environmental concern into the sector policy and currently comprise nine sectors.

CAREC

Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation.

Cartagena protocol

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is an international agreement on biosafety, as a supplement to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

CAS No

Registration number given by the Chemical Abstract Services (CAS), Columbus, Ohio.

CASG Nano

Nano Competent Authorities Subgroup on Nanomaterials.

CEFIC

European Chemical Industry Council.

Celex

Communitatis Europeae Lex, now EUR-Lex, the European law database.

CEN

Comité Européen de Normalisation - European Committee for Standardization.

Certification

Refers to processes intended to determine if a product meets minimum standards, similar to quality assurance.

CFC

A chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) is an organic compound that contains carbon, chlorine, and fluorine, produced as a volatile derivative of methane and ethane. Many CFCs have been widely used as refrigerants, propellants (in aerosol applications), and solvents. The manufacture of such compounds is being phased out by the Montreal Protocol because they contribute to ozone depletion.

Chemical charge/fee

Chemical pesticide

A ‘chemical pesticide’ shall mean a chemical product that is intended to prevent or deter animals, plants or microorganisms, including viruses, from causing damage or detriment to human health or damage to property. (the Environmental Code).

 

Chemical statistics

Chemical/chemical product

Chemical substance and preparations (mixtures) of chemical substances (preparations). Chemical products can be either pesticides or other products.

Chlorinated paraffins

Chlorinated hydrocarbons commonly used as plasticisers and flame retardants in plastics. There are short, medium and long chained chlorinated paraffins.

CIRCA

Communication and Information Resource Centre Administrator.

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Adopted in Washington in 1973.

Classification

CLEEN

Chemical Legislation European Enforcement Network.

CLP

Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures.

CLRTAP

Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution.

CMR

Carcinogenic, Mutagenic, toxic to Reproduction.

Cocktail effect

Combined effect of a mixture of chemicals, which can be larger than the effect of each of the single substances.

Cohiba

Control of hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea region.

Cohiba

Control of hazardous substances in the Baltic sea region. Project under HELCOM.

CoI

Cost of inaction

COM

Commission of the European Communities, the European Commission, the Commission

Commercial agent

The person or company acting in the place of a manufacturer or importer.

Competent Authority (CA)

Means the authority or authorities or bodies established by the Member States to carry out the obligations arising from REACH Regulation (REACH).

Consolidated version/Consolidation

A text version containing all amendments of a legal text.

Constitutional regulation

Contained use

Contained use’ shall mean an activity in which organisms are genetically modified, cultured, stored, used, transported, destroyed, disposed of or used in any other way, and for which specific containment measures are used to limit their contact with the general population and the environment (the Environmental Code).

COP

Conference of the Parties, used mainly in UN convention texts.

Copenhagen chemicals charter

Document dealing with the expectations facing the revision of the EU chemicals policy. Signed in 2000 by 100 organisations.

CPR

Construction Products Regulation.

CREAM

Mechanistic effect models for the ecological risk assessment of chemicals

CSD

UN Commission on Sustainable Development.

CSE

India Centre for Science and Environment.

CSTEE

EU Scientific Committee for Toxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment.

Customs tariff

Combined nomenclature for the EU. It makes it possible to collect, exchange and publish statistical data about EU trade outside the union. EU Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87.

CWG

EU Commission Working Group.