Plant protection products are mainly used to protect plants and plant products in agriculture, forestry and horticulture from attacks by fungii, harmful insects and competing plants. Weed-killers are the kind of plant protection products most frequently used in Sweden.
Before a plant protection product can be authorised in Sweden, the Swedish Chemicals Agency (KemI) makes an assessment of its possible environmental and health risks and, in consultation with the Swedish Board of Agriculture, assess whether the product is efficient for the use area applied for.
Although a plant protection product is authorised, it may entail risks. Negligence or transport by air and water may result in a wider spreading than expected.
Results from environmental monitoring show that pesticide residues are often found in surface and ground waters.
In order to reduce the risks connected with pesticide use, the Swedish Chemical Agency, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Board of Agriculture have elaborated a proposal for an action programme on the use in agriculture and horticulture.
Information in Swedish on the website of the Swedish Board of Agriculture.
The Swedish Board of Agriculture issues regulations on knowledge requirements and permits to use certain pesticides.
The National Food Agency issues regulations on concentrations of trace elements of pesticides in plants and drinking water.
The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency issues regulations on the spread of pesticides in the environment.
The Centre of Chemical Pesticides (CKB) is a partnership forum within the area of chemical pesticides for researchers at SLU and interested parties outside the university.
The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) maintains a pesticide database containing results of tests from Swedish surface and ground waters.