Glossary
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Glossary

Labelling

Labelling/Obligation to label

A requirement that chemical products must be classified and labelled with regard to health and environmental hazard, as stated in Regulations (KIFS 2005:7) and Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008.

Lactation

Secretion of milk from mammary glands in female mammals; in humans the process is called breastfeeding.

LD 50/LC 50

Lethal Dose/Lethal Concentration. Measure of acute toxicity and the dose required to kill half the members of a tested population after a specified test duration. LC 50 refers to ecotoxicology, e.g. aquatic environment.

Lead

An element.

Legal definition

Concept defined in legal texts.

Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)

A technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave (i.e., from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling).

LIRA

Legal and Institutional infrastructures and measures for Recovering costs of national Administration.

(UNEP)

Lisbon Strategy

Strategy launched in 1998 constituting an action and development plan for the economy of the European Union between 2000 and 2010.

Local government committee/board

Body established by the municipal council to be responsible for enforcement in accordance with the Environmental Code.

Low Production Volume (LPV) chemical

Chemical placed on the EU market in amounts of 10-1,000 tons per year and manucturer or importer.

Low risk biocidal product

Biocidal product which does not contain any other active substances than those listed in Annex IA to the Biocidal Products Directive and which does not contain any potentially harmful substance (definition according to Section 2, the Biocidal Products Ordinance (2000:338).

Lowest Observed Adverse Effect Level (LOAEL)

The lowest concentration or amount of a substance found by experiment or observation which causes an adverse alteration of morphology, function, capacity, growth, development or life span of a target organism distinguished from normal organisms of the same species under defined conditions of exposure.