Glossary
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Glossary

EC number

Seven-digit identification number for chemical substances on the EU market.

EC/EU

European Communities/European Union.

ECB

European Chemicals Bureau.

ECCO

European Commission Co-Ordination for handling dossiers provided with applications to include a plant protection product on Annex I to the plant protection products directive.

ECHA

European Chemicals Agency

ECLIPS

European Classification and Labelling Inspections of Preparations.

Ecosystem

A limited population of organisms constituting one unit of nature, for example a lake or a forest area with its plants and animals.

ECVAM

European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods.

EDC/EDS

Endocrine-disrupting chemical/compound/Endocrine-disrupting substance.

EEA

European Environment Agency.

EEB

European Environment Bureau.

EES

European Economic Sphere (Island, Norway, Liechtenstein, EU Member states)

EFSA

European Food Safety Authority.

EINECS

European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances.

ELINCS

European List of Notified Chemical Substances (notified after 1981).

EMAS

Eco Management and Audit Scheme.

Endocrine-disrupting

Substances affecting the hormonal systems and which may harm organisms, populations or ecosystems.

Enforcement

Enzyme

Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. They are involved in the chemical processes of the body without being consumed themselves.

Ester

Chemical compounds derived by reacting an oxoacid with a hydroxyl compound such as an alcohol or phenol.

EUR-Lex

Gives free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The website is available in 23 official languages of the European Union.

Exemption

Waiver, exception.

Existing substance

Substance used in the EU before 1 September1981 and which is included in EINCES.

Exposure

The extent to which human beings and the environment come into contact/are exposed to hazardous substances.

Exposure scenario

Set of conditions, including operational conditions and risk management measures, that describe how the substance is manufactured or used during its life-cycle and how the manufacturer or importer controls, or recommends downstream users to control exposure of humans and the environment. These exposure scenarios may cover one specific process or use or several processes or uses as appropriate. (REACH)